Jakarta was hit by two major floods on 1 January 2020 and 20 February 2021, with extreme rainfall , believed to be the cause for both. The fact that Jakarta was built on a delta with 40% of the area below sea level, has made the city naturally vulnerable to flooding.
Why does it flood in Jakarta?
Aside from drainage issues, there are three key contributing factors to Jakarta’s flooding: First, extreme rainfall. Highly intense and short extreme rainfall is becoming more frequent. Extreme rainfall is a direct result of the climate crisis.
Why are floods getting worse in Jakarta?
She said overdevelopment, too much concrete, a lack of green space, and over-extraction of groundwater contribute to severe flooding and make Jakarta the world’s fastest sinking city. … “And that means that this year, and potentially in future years, this flooding crisis will only get worse.”
Why are floods common in Indonesia?
Seasonal rains frequently cause flooding and landslides in Indonesia, an archipelago of 17,000 islands where millions of people live in mountainous areas or near fertile flood plains.
Why Indonesia’s capital Jakarta is sinking?
It has been described as the world’s most rapidly sinking city, and at the current rate, it is estimated that one-third of the city could be submerged by 2050. The main cause is uncontrolled ground water extraction, but it has been exacerbated by the rising Java Sea due to climate change.
Why is Jakarta growing so quickly?
People. The population of Jakarta has increased dramatically since 1940. Much of that increase is attributed to immigration, which has transformed Jakarta into one of the world’s largest urban agglomerations.
When did Jakarta start flooding?
The flood situation in Greater Jakarta, Indonesia, has worsened, with disaster authorities reporting at least 9 people have now died since the current floods began on 23 February.
Why Jakarta is the fastest sinking city?
The major reason for the sinking of Jakarta is claimed to be the excessive extraction of groundwater. Jakarta has low water levels for drinking, bathing and other everyday purposes. Piped water is also not available in most areas so the citizens have to resort to pumping water from aquifers that are deep underground.
Is Jakarta going to sink?
The land surface is sinking while the sea is rising
The latest study from IPB University in West Java, Indonesia, showed various areas in Jakarta were at risk of sinking between 1.8cm and 10.7cm per year during 2019 and 2020. … While the capital’s land surface is sinking, the sea is rising.
What is Jakarta known for?
Jakarta is the country’s economic, cultural and political centre and the most populous city not only in Indonesia but in Southeast Asia as a whole. Although the city is known for its heavy traffic and high level of pollution it is filled with an exciting nightlife and vibrant shopping areas.