Raffles’ expedition arrived in Singapore on 29 January 1819 (although they landed on Saint John’s Island the previous day). He found a Malay settlement at the mouth of the Singapore River, headed by Temenggong Abdul Rahman for the Sultan of Johor.
How did Raffles find Singapore?
In December 1818, Raffles left Calcutta in search of a new British settlement to replace Malacca. … Raffles had foreseen that without a strategic British trading post located within the Straits, the Dutch could gain control of Straits trade. Raffles arrived in Singapore on board the Indiana on 28 January 1819.
When did Raffles discover Singapore?
The Raffles Effect
Singapore, already an up-and-coming trading post along the Malacca Straits, seemed ideal. Raffles, then the Lieutenant-Governor of Bencoolen (now Bengkulu) in Sumatra, landed in Singapore on 29 January 1819.
Why did Raffles leave Singapore?
British invasion of Java
His knowledge of the Malay language, as well as his wit and ability, gained him favour with Lord Minto, Governor-General of India, and he was sent to Malacca. In 1811, after the annexation of the Kingdom of Holland by France during Napoleon’s war, Raffles had no choice but to leave the country.
How many statues of raffles are there in Singapore?
The sculpture depicts Sir Stamford Raffles, founder of modern Singapore. Two statues exist, at the Raffles Landing Site and Empress Place. Discover the city’s colonial history and learn about modern Singapore’s founder, Sir Stamford Raffles.
Is Raffles The founder of Singapore?
Sir Stamford Raffles, in full Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, (born July 6, 1781, at sea, off Port Morant, Jam. —died July 5, 1826, London, Eng.), British East Indian administrator and founder of the port city of Singapore (1819), who was largely responsible for the creation of Britain’s Far Eastern empire.
Why Singapore was chosen as a British port?
The choice of Singapore was the result of the initiative and foresight of Stamford Raffles, who saw in Singapore a base to protect the China trade in times of war and to outflank the Dutch at Malacca.
Who actually founded Singapore?
Three figureheads from the East India Company played crucial roles in the founding and early establishment of Modern Singapore. They were namely Sir Stamford Raffles, the recognised founder of Modern Singapore, William Farquhar and John Crawfurd, the first two Residents of Singapore.
What did Raffles do wrong?
His rule over the island was marked by conflict and poor financial performance. Most notably, there was a scandal named the ‘Banjarmasin Outrage’, where Raffles kidnapped women and forced them into sexual servitude. Evidence for this can be found in academic Syed Hussein Alatas’ book, ‘Raffles: Schemer or Reformer’.
Who owned Singapore?
The Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824 cemented the status of Singapore as a British possession, carving up the Malay archipelago between the two colonial powers with the area north of the Straits of Malacca, including Singapore, falling under Britain’s sphere of influence.
What is true about Sir Stamford Raffles?
Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles (1781-1826) was an English colonial administrator, historian, and founder of Singapore. A man of vision, industry, and feeling, he made incalculable contributions to the knowledge of the Malay Archipelago and to the British overseas empire.
Who started raffles?
History. Raffles Hotel Singapore started as a privately owned beach house built in the early 1830s. It first became Emerson’s Hotel when Dr. Charles Emerson leased the building in 1878.
How tall is Stamford Raffles statue?
Created by the famous sculptor and poet Thomas Woolner, the black, eight-foot-tall bronze statue was affectionately nicknamed ‘orang besi’ (iron man).
Where is Stamford Raffles from?
The Raffles statue was first installed at the Padang to commemorate Queen Victoria’s Golden Jubilee in 1887. Queen Victoria was the reigning monarch of the British Empire who ruled from 1837 – 1901. … The Raffles statue first stood at the Padang. The bronze statue was nicknamed Orang Besi or Iron Man in Malay.