Climate change threatens all three important sectors of Thailand’s economy: agriculture, tourism, and trade. … The effects of climate change, including higher surface temperatures, floods, droughts, severe storms and sea level rise, put Thailand’s rice crops at risk and threaten to submerge Bangkok within 20 years.
Why is Thailand vulnerable to climate change?
Both of these changes have a significant effect on food production, particularly rice—the yields of which are essential to national food security (MSTE, 2000). Thailand’s long coastlines, fragile agriculture system and susceptibility to extreme weather events make it vulnerable to the effects of climate change.
What affects the climate in Thailand?
The latitude of 15.8700° N, 100.9925° E is primarily responsible for Thailand’s climate, because this location is near the equator and between the Hadley cells, the environment is affected by the ITCZ (Intertropical convergence zone).
Where does Thailand stand in terms of global warming contributors?
Thailand is no different. The country was ranked 22nd on the list of nations with the highest GHG emissions in 2018 and was placed 10th in the most affected countries from climate change in 2017.
What are some current environmental issues in Thailand?
Thailand faces increasing environmental degradation in many regions, including the loss of biodiversity and declining wildlife populations, deforestation, desertification, water scarcity, climate change, and air and water pollution.
What is Thailand’s climate?
Thailand enjoys a tropical climate which is influenced by seasonal monsoon winds. The southwest monsoon (May) brings a stream of warm moist air from the Indian Ocean towards Thailand, causing abundant rain over the country, especially the mountainous regions.
Why is Bangkok sinking?
The sinking of the city is mostly driven by the sheer weight of the built-up urbanisation, as well as uncontrolled groundwater extraction. … Between climate change and land subsidence, the Thai National Reform Council predicts that the city of Bangkok could be under water in less than 15 years.
How does climate affect food production in Thailand?
According to a 2012 study undertaken by the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), the total economic impact of climate change on agriculture in Thailand is predicted to range between US$300 million to US$420 million (9.8 to 13.9 billion Thai Baht), with yields of major crops such as rice, maize and …
Is Thailand getting hotter?
This is happening while Thailand’s average annual temperature stands at 26°C. … 2020), predicts that Thailand could find its average equal to that of the Sahara by 2070, above 29°C. The mildest heatwaves would rival today’s most extreme and essentially make Thailand too hot to live in year round.
What is Thailand doing to protect Earth?
Their commitment includes using only locally sourced food, avoiding petroleum-based fuels, implementing water and waste management as well as preserving local activities and traditional ways of life.
How polluted is Thailand?
In 2019, Thailand was ranked as the 28th most polluted country out of the 98 countries ranked in IQAir’s 2019 World Air Quality Report, with a yearly PM2. 5 rating of 24.3 μg/m3, putting it at a rating of moderate risk to health according to the US Air Quality Index.
What is the biggest environmental problem in Thailand?
Unless treatment facilities are built, environmental contamination caused by hazardous waste threatens to become Thailand’s worst environmental problem in the future. The most critical environmental problem facing Thailand at present is water pollution.
How does Thailand deal with air pollution?
The government has reacted quickly, clamping down on heavily polluting vehicles, deploying police and military to inspect factories and incinerators, shutting schools to protect children, and even deploying cloud-seeding planes to force rain and clear the air.
How does Thailand deal with water pollution?
Undoubtedly, the most efficient way to limit water pollution is to reduce the discharge of contaminated water from farms and factories. In addition, more sewage treatment plants should be built to purify wastewater before it being released into rivers.