What was Indonesia called before?

Indonesia was formerly known as the Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East Indies).

What was Indonesia formerly called?

Formal Name: Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia; the word Indonesia was coined from the Greek indos—for India—and nesos—for island). Short Form: Indonesia. Former Names: Netherlands East Indies; Dutch East Indies.

What was Indonesia called in 1815?

In 1815, the island of Java was returned to control of the Netherlands following the end of Napoleonic Wars, under the terms of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814.

What was Jakarta originally called?

Jakarta, formerly (until 1949) Batavia or (1949–72) Djakarta, largest city and capital of Indonesia. Jakarta lies on the northwest coast of Java at the mouth of the Ciliwung (Liwung River), on Jakarta Bay (an embayment of the Java Sea).

What was Indonesia called before the Dutch East Indies?

However, Dutch academics writing in East Indies publications were reluctant to use Indonesia. Instead, they used the terms Malay Archipelago (Maleische Archipel); the Netherlands East Indies (Nederlandsch Oost Indië), popularly Indië; the East (de Oost); and Insulinde.

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How did Indonesia got its name?

The name Indonesia derives from Greek words of Indos (Ἰνδός) and nesos (νῆσος), meaning “Indian islands”. The name dates to the 18th century, far predating the formation of independent Indonesia.

When was Indonesia founded?

Colonial Period of Indonesia. The colonial period of Indonesia did not immediately start when the Dutch first arrived in the archipelago at the end of the 16th century. Instead, it was a slow process of political expansion that took centuries to reach the territorial boundaries of present-day Indonesia.

When did the Japanese invade Indonesia?

The Japanese Empire occupied the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) during World War II from March 1942 until after the end of the war in September 1945.

Japanese occupation of the Dutch East Indies.

Japanese-occupied Dutch East Indies Ranryō Higashi Indo 蘭領東印度
Emperor
• 1942–1945 Hirohito
Historical era World War II
• Dutch capitulation 8 March 1942

When did the Dutch take over Indonesia?

In the 1600s, the Dutch East India Company (VOC) began colonizing parts of Indonesia. After the abolition of the VOC in 1796, the Dutch government gained control over Indonesia, which was then referred to as the Netherlands East Indies.

What was Batavia before?

On 5 March 1942, Batavia fell to the Japanese. The Dutch formally surrendered to the Japanese occupation forces on 9 March 1942, and the colony’s government was transferred to Japan. Batavia was renamed Jakarta.

What is Batavia called now?

The Dutch name Batavia remained the internationally recognized name until full Indonesian independence was achieved and Djakarta was officially proclaimed the national capital (and its present name recognized) on December 27, 1949. Pre-1949 map of southern Sumatra and western Java showing Jakarta as Batavia.

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What is the mother tongue of Indonesia?

Indonesia was formerly known as the Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East Indies).

Are there still Dutch in Indonesia?

Over a 15-year period after the Republic of Indonesia became an independent state, virtually the entire Dutch population, Indische Nederlanders (Dutch Indonesians), estimated at between 250,000 and 300,000, left the former Dutch East Indies.

What is the old name of Netherlands?

A brief history of the Netherlands and Holland

The Netherlands remained a kingdom after Napoleon’s defeat. At that time, the area called “Holland” made the biggest contribution to the entire nation’s economy and wealth. As such it became the commonly used name to indicate the entire country.