The modern nation-state Laos emerged from the French Colonial Empire as an independent country in 1953. Laos exists in truncated form from the thirteenth century Lao kingdom of Lan Xang. … The borders of the modern state of Laos were established by the French colonial government in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
How did Laos became a country?
Laos became independent in 1953, with a constitutional monarchy under Sisavang Vong. A post-independence civil war began, which saw the communist resistance, supported by the Soviet Union, fight against the monarchy that later came under influence of military regimes supported by the United States.
When was Laos formed?
The Lao kingdom of Lan Xang included all of northeastern Thailand as recently as the early 18th century. … Thailand’s northeastern region, Isan, has particularly strong Lao roots.
Who colonized Laos first?
The French protectorate of Laos was a French protectorate in Southeast Asia of what is today Laos between 1893 and 1953—with a brief interregnum as a Japanese puppet state in 1945—which constituted part of French Indochina.
What language is spoken in Lao?
French colonialism played a significant role in Laos’ modern history. Besides exploiting tributary customs for infrastructure and a European administrative systems, the French named the country after the dominant ethnic group, the Lao. France used this to their advantage pushed west to claim land in Siam. …
The Lao People’s Democratic Republic is an authoritarian state ruled by the only party that the constitution legitimizes, the Lao People’s Revolutionary Party (LPRP).
When did Lao become communist?
Communist Laos (1975–1991)
Who colonized Vietnam Cambodia Laos?
The French Come to Indochina
Over a period of more than 350 years the French gradually extended their control over Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos.
Lao is the language of the country, Laos, a neighbour to Thailand. … Lao and Thai languages are very similar to each other. In fact, the two languages are linguistically similar, though their writing script varies a bit. Thai is the native language of Thailand and is spoken in minority in Cambodia.
Why is Laos called the Land of a Million Elephants?
Laos use to be known as the Kingdom of Lan Xang (1354 to 1707), which translates to “Land of a Million Elephants”. As Laos had extensive forests and sparse human population, wild herds of elephants roamed all over. … Elephants continue to be considered a sacred animal, which Lao people believe will bring them prosperity.
Was Thailand ever a colony?
Despite attempts at colonization, Thailand was never colonized. Known as the Kingdom of Siam, in the nineteenth century, it was surrounded by the colonized countries of French Indochina and British Burma. … However, the king managed to play the would-be colonizers off of each other and save his country from colonization.
How did the French treat Laos?
The French never cared much about Laos other than as a buffer state between their colonial possessions and British-influenced Thailand and Burma.
How long did Japan rule Laos?
The Japanese ruled Laos for just six months before the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki brought WWII to an end. During this time they forced King Sisavang Vong to declare Lao independence, and a nationalist resistance movement took shape, known as the Lao Issara (Free Lao).
How did France influence Laos?
During the French colonial period in Lao PDR (from 1893-1953), France integrated its architectural elements into traditional Lao architecture and modified them to suit the climate. The French colonial style continues to make a modest impact in most major towns and cities.